#BOOK ⚠ On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City õ eBook or E-pub free

Super depressing The War on Drugs, the prison industry, militarization of police, parole add it all up and you have a system of racial control Parole especially Fuck a piss test Why should anyone have to take a drug test, ever The number of situations where this seems legitimate is vanishingly small Pilots maybe, people operating heavy equipment, cases where you d ideally administer an sobriety test on the spot but it s not cost effective Other than that, fuck a piss test.Let s end the war on drugs, that would be a good start Mandatory body cams on police Get rid of the are you a felon box on job applications, make it specific as the job requires Give inmates job training and some chance of actually getting a legit job when out Don t let cops monitor funerals and hospitals looking to catch anyone with a warrant Nix the whole parole system My platform if and when I m elected. I dinged this one star because there is a bit too much repetition of the lessons learned at the end of each chapter I suspect that is because about 2 3 of this book is a dissertation But the author is an excellent reporter of what it is like for people of color in the inner city in Philadelphia, and in addition the final third of the book, about what it was like for her personally to become so immersed in this experience, is very powerful Anyone who cares about The New Jim Crow and the impact it is having in the U.S should read this book, but in addition it is worth reading to the end because the author was so transformed by her research, and conveys so clearly how that felt. #BOOK à On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City Û Forty Years In, The War On Drugs Has Done Almost Nothing To Prevent Drugs From Being Sold Or Used, But It Has Nonetheless Created A Little Known Surveillance State In America S Most Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Arrest Quotas And High Tech Surveillance Techniques Criminalize Entire Blocks, And Transform The Very Associations That Should Stabilize Young Lives Family, Relationships, Jobs Into Liabilities, As The Police Use Such Relationships To Track Down Suspects, Demand Information, And Threaten Consequences Alice Goffman Spent Six Years Living In One Such Neighborhood In Philadelphia, And Her Close Observations And Often Harrowing Stories Reveal The Pernicious Effects Of This Pervasive Policing Goffman Introduces Us To An Unforgettable Cast Of Young African American Men Who Are Caught Up In This Web Of Warrants And Surveillance Some Of Them Small Time Drug Dealers, Others Just Ordinary Guys Dealing With Limited Choices All Find The Web Of Presumed Criminality, Built As It Is On The Very Associations And Friendships That Make Up A Life, Nearly Impossible To Escape We Watch As The Pleasures Of Summer Evening Stoop Sitting Are Shattered By The Arrival Of A Carful Of Cops Looking To Serve A Warrant We Watch And Can T Help But Be Shocked As Teenagers Teach Their Younger Siblings And Cousins How To Run From The Police And, Crucially, To Keep Away From Friends And Family So They Can Stay Hidden And We See, Over And Over, The Relentless Toll That The Presumption Of Criminality Takes On Families And Futures While Not Denying The Problems Of The Drug Trade, And The Violence That Often Accompanies It, Through Her Gripping Accounts Of Daily Life In The Forgotten Neighborhoods Of America S Cities, Goffman Makes It Impossible For Us To Ignore The Very Real Human Costs Of Our Failed Response The Blighting Of Entire Neighborhoods, And The Needless Sacrifice Of Whole Generations Working as an appellate defender i.e an attorney who represents indigent criminal defendants on appeals gives one an interesting perspective on life in the inner city I ve read hundreds of trial transcripts and looked at lots of photos and videos, getting a partial but distanced look at a clientele whose lives are vastly different than mine Sociologist Alice Goffman s new book is a field study that sheds light and fills in gaps in my knowledge about the lives of the young black men that are the primary clients of public defenders in urban areas Goffman spent over six years with a group of young men and mothers and sisters, etc whose lives are spent in constant fear of arrest and harassment by the police This explains the word fugitive in the book s title Goffman notes that ghettos are no longer ignored by police Instead, due to the tough on crime approach now prevalent, the police are a constant presence in the lives of young men who do not get adequate educational and vocational opportunities Considering this is an academic work, Goffman is a surprisingly good writer Each chapter takes on a different aspect of what she encountered What she establishes is that the government, through laws and policies, has created poor communities where the police are not trusted and a residual effect is that it s hard for anyone to trust anyone In an environment where fear is constant and so many young men have no chance to better their lot, respect becomes a key factor in how people interact with each other This creates a world where citizens take matters into their own hands, because the police have no legitimacy.In this world, people don t bother to learn each others surnames thus, you don t have information to turn over to the police , if you get shot, you try to avoid going to the hospital, because the police might execute a warrant and they you can get a warrant for the most minor things , and you are constantly finding a new place to crash, hoping to avoid a raid on where you would normally live Because it s an academic work, there are some repetitious parts, and long summaries that aren t really necessary But what Goffman brings to light is so important, as this book provides so much insight into what is wrong with our justice system and how we treat poor African Americans This book confirmed some things that I thought I knew or suspected and further illuminated things that I would find strange when reading transcripts Behavior that seems odd to someone raised in a middle class suburb makes sense now Goffman adds a whole section where she explains how the project came about and provides background on how she conducted this study that adds a lot to the book This is essential reading. This is a great book, I hope a lot of people read it and get educated on what s happening in segregated, low income black neighborhoods, and in turn I hope that enacts policy change I d heard about the new jim crow before, but didn t know much about it I assumed it was activist language threaded with a bit of truth for instance, I knew POC were much likely to be charged with drug possession than whites , but Goffman s years long research and observation draws into focus how accurate that term is, our justice system actively works against people who have very little to begin with This books is written in a research style So it s somewhat jarring when highly emotional things happen and they re dealt with dryly with little pause for reflection This is somewhat compensated for by the appendix where Goffman describes her personal experience.That said, I read it in two days, couldn t put it down. Statistics from the introduction Black people make up 13% of the US population, but account for 37% of the prison population Among Black men, one in nine are in prison, compared with less than 2% of white young men Approximately 60% of Black men who did not finish high school will go to prison by their mid thirties A chronicle of life in an urban neighborhood of Philadelphia where Black residents living under police surveillance is the norm Goffman obtains a job in food service at her school The University of Pennsylvania as a sociology project, a largely white student community served by a largely Black working class community She becomes friends with her boss and begins tutoring young people in her neighborhood after the class ends Goffman decided to write a sociological study of the women and their relationships with family and friends, then realized she didn t have much of anything new to add to what had already been written about The lives of the young men, however, have not been and became her focus of interest once she started living in the neighborhood for over six years Over the years she became embraced by the larger community, often seen as a sister, cousin, or goddaughter by the residents of the neighborhood.Much of what Goffman witnessed and described is horrifying young men murdered in front of her and their families by police young men living the prime of their lives in prison because they can t pay outrageous court fees for misdemeanor crimes, which lead to their becoming involved with felonious crimes when they are released because a corrupt criminal justice system leaves them with no good options if they want to make a living and support their families Young men living on the run, literally, from police, parole officers, and eventually the family members who are constantly harassed and pressured by the former to give them up Goffman herself being harassed by police who assumed that as a white woman she was only interested in black dick because that is what people assume a white woman wants if she s hanging out with black men I myself have experienced this assumption Many things, however, would not be known to a general public not living on the run constantly, such as the heinous ways in which police turn family members and friends against each other, but most importantly WHY young men become victims of a corrupt system at such a young age because they are never given a chance to do anything else With startling statistics, it is hard to deny that the United States still has a HUGE problem with racism, sadly Hello, Ferguson I m not afraid to offend if you think that there isn t you re living with your head in the sand, or buying into a lot of the crap mainstream society feeds you.I recognized a lot of what Goffman described happening in my city, which is why I originally wanted to read the book, to get a better understanding of socioeconomic struggles that I, as a white woman, have never had to deal with I also wanted to understand how a police state comes into being, as I fear it could happen here as gentrification continues its relentless pursuit of power and displacement Also, my own feelings of how I am unwittingly contributing to the gentrification that repulses me Not an easy book to read at times, but Goffman does a wonderful job with her reporting An excellent, important book that brought tears to my eyes many times. A very engaging ethnography as a college student, the author moved to the inner city and spent her time hanging out with a group of young black men often on the run from the law The book is a good look into how heavy policing affects all aspects of individual and community life And the author is a good storyteller so it makes for engaging reading Since she writes about one social network it s hard to tell how representative this is, and I think the criticism that the author herself got in too deep is probably valid She also contradicts herself a few times Still, it is worth reading. I devoured this 260 page book in two days Coincidentally, my library request for it came through just as I was finishing Behind the Beautiful Forevers, and I thought the two would make for an interesting comparison In a way they are quite similar works immersive works by women about a culture not their own But while Katherine Boo hides the stitching in her work erasing her own presence and narrating events as if her book were a novel, Goffman s book is first and foremost an academic work of sociology, and she is quite forthright about her own presence as a participant observer, even concluding the book with a 50 page Methodological Note that explains how she got involved in the project and how the experience has affected her This appendix to the book ends up being an absolutely stunning, gripping conclusion, a kind of meta document that makes the whole book feel all the real Goffman s aim in the book is to provide an on the ground look at mass incarceration and its accompanying systems of policing and surveillance Having started immersing herself in a ghettoized Black Philadelphia neighborhood in college, when she gets to graduate school at Princeton she realizes that she was documenting the massive expansion of criminal justice intervention into the lives of poor Black families in the United States Alex Kotlowitz, in his NY Times review, expresses disappointment that the people with whom she spends her time don t emerge as fully fleshed out characters, as, perhaps, one might say the people do in Boo s book Goffman s book is structured as an argument, backed up with anecdotes drawn from her astoundingly in depth field work and observations Though the people s identities and even the name of their neighborhood have been changed unlike in Boo s book , I think that they actually do come across pretty vividly Indeed, some of the examples in the book have the resonant drama I associate with the short stories of Edward P Jones I m thinking of the story of Mr George, Chuck s grandfather and of Miss Deena, the Penn cafeteria manager who was Goffman s first contact in her research To sum up, I found this to be an immensely fascinating book, reminiscent of Beryl Satter s Family Properties in its blending of the academic and the personal, but ultimately unique and, I expect, unforgettable. This is it This book perfectly encapsulates what is wrong with our society It shows what is wrong with the war in drugs, the stop and frisk laws, and the error of having intimidate and arrest be our go to response to societal and economic problems Read this. On the Run is an incredibly authentic look at an emblematic neighborhood in Philly where than half the men at some point have a warrant out for their arrest, causing them to be on the run On the run from the police On the run from parole officers On the run from the courts On the run from girlfriends On the run from those who would use their vulnerability to victimize them.This is the world behind the statistical sketch Alice Goffman paints in her preface Briefly, the US locks up five to nine times people than western Europe More than in Russia, or China, excluding Stalin s reign And it s the Black communities suffering the brunt.Blacks, who make up 13% of the population, account for 37% of the prison population 10% of black men are behind bars compared with 1% for whites 60% of Blacks who do not finish high school will go to prison.All of this is well known, and has been known for than three decades What Goffman does is bring the reader face to face with people caught in this cycle She follows a group of young men in whose neighborhood she lived and shared their lives for six years while a student.She introduces us to Chuck His predicament with the law begins after a scuffle on the playground in high school It sets in motion the cycle described in the statistics above He does time for it Upon release, he s denied re admittance to high school because he s turned 19 A chippy arrest follows for failing to appear in court Chuck is on the run.There is an art to running Chapter one begins with Chuck teaching his 12 year old brother how to run not to a relative s house the cops armed with enhanced technology know places the refugee frequents It s to a church lady s house ultimately In addition to Chuck, Goffman introduces us to four other friends with legal entanglements It s these entanglements and the subsequent running from them that form the warp and weave of their world, and the world of their families.Running from the police is an art that according to Goffman resulted in 58% of the men succeeding in eluding the police despite the fact that the enforcement officers devote up to five squad cars in one instance to pick up one suspect on a minor charge.More than 70% of the time, the police had no idea who it was they were chasing in instances where the target escaped.Running requires the ability to spot police well in advance.For those who have done time and report to a parole officer, running from the parole officer also becomes an issue In a quite humorous anecdote, Goffman recounts the instance of Jevon, a born natural actor, who develops a business on the side by taking curfew calls from parole officers In addition to parroting his client s voice, he is briefed on identifying information the parole officer requests to ensure he has the right subject It may seem like a lot of trouble to go to, but the penalty for missing curfew in the chippy world of law enforcement in the Black community is two years.The author herself is caught up and subjected to what might be considered enhanced interrogation It s what the women of men on the lam suffer, midnight raids with their living quarters turned upside down and subjection to intimidation to reveal the whereabouts of their sons.Of course, those caught up in these legal entanglements cannot go to the law for protection or to register grievances Others know this and take advantage In once instance, a boy s car is torched because he s late in making a payment to a drug dealer In another, one of the boys is mistaken for someone else and beaten severely suffering injuries that have been with him into his adult life He refused medical treatment at the hospital because a parole violation would be filed against him for curfew violation.In one instance, however, the boys in the hood sought the protection of incarceration by turning themselves in to the law to avoid a shooting war that broke out One even asked his parole officer for a urine test he knew he would fail.This is well worth the read to better understand the numbers that are all too familiar.