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|Download Epub Ü Into the Wild ⚞ Librarian S Note An Alternate Cover Edition Can Be Found HereIn April A Young Man From A Well To Do Family Hitchhiked To Alaska And Walked Alone Into The Wilderness North Of Mt McKinley His Name Was Christopher Johnson McCandless He Had Given , In Savings To Charity, Abandoned His Car And Most Of His Possessions, Burned All The Cash In His Wallet, And Invented A New Life For Himself Four Months Later, A Party Of Moose Hunters Found His Decomposed Body How McCandless Came To Die Is The Unforgettable Story Of Into The WildImmediately After Graduating From College In , McCandless Had Roamed Through The West And Southwest On A Vision Quest Like Those Made By His Heroes Jack London And John Muir In The Mojave Desert He Abandoned His Car, Stripped It Of Its License Plates, And Burned All Of His Cash He Would Give Himself A New Name, Alexander Supertramp, And, Unencumbered By Money And Belongings, He Would Be Free To Wallow In The Raw, Unfiltered Experiences That Nature Presented Craving A Blank Spot On The Map, McCandless Simply Threw Away The Maps Leaving Behind His Desperate Parents And Sister, He Vanished Into The Wild On the outside looking in, this seems like another case of arrogant human vs unassuming nature Nature usually wins that fight It did here and in a most tragic way And yet, in Into the Wild Jon Krakauer does an excellent job of muddying up the waters, so that they flow with the natural fluidity of life itself Was this kid so very unprepared Was this a foolhardy and unnecessary death easily avoided with a few, slight precautions Life is seldom black and white, cut and dry Krakauer reminds us of that, while telling a riveting story. This book is a wonderful cautionary tale I will probably read it again with my daughter when she is old enough to discuss it Unfortunately, I m afraid the reason most people will read the book and see the new upcoming movie, is for a different reason Chris McCandless in the book, and from what I understand in the movie , is a hero and courageous for flying in the face of everything he grew up with to find a better way A young man unhappy with the materialism, hunger, and waste in the world angry with his father for not being a perfect father to him intellectually superior, a fantastic athlete in top condition and yet a young man who died because of his own decisions and his own actions He cut off ties to his family, hitchhiked and worked his way to Alaska, headed into the wild in April 1992, and was found dead in August 1992 most probably from starvation How wonderful to fight against the odds and ask real questions Unfortunately, Chris didn t really fight against any odds, he took the easy way out by cutting off real relationships Chris may have asked real questions, but he denied real people the opportunity to answer them in any way, because he had already decided what was the right way This is not heroic It is immaturity It is tragic and sad, yes, but not heroic or courageous.After reading the book, I think Chris died because he was foolish Intellectually bright, yes Athletically gifted, yes But he had no wisdom Wisdom has been defined as skill in living , and wisdom is not always bestowed on the young and the healthy and the intellectually smart The opposite of wisdom is foolishness His anger and questioning drove him not to wisdom, but to self reliance and an overweening arrogance in his own ability to get through it Well, we see the result of those decisions and those attitudes to quote Darwin, Chris is an example of how survival of the fittest applies Chris was not fit , therefore he did not survive But why wasn t he fit He was smart and young and gifted in many ways, but he chose to abandon relationships and abandon those who loved him and create himself anew with no relationships and no ties He walked away from people who loved him, made friends with people who came to love him, and walked away from all of that to find his answers in the wild on his own The way away from love and relationship leads not to life, but indeed to death And death is what Chris got.The book quotes Chris mother as saying, I haven t prayed since we lost him pg 202 An older man who befriended Chris, Ronald Franz, also says, When Alex left for Alaska, I prayed I asked God to keep his finger on the shoulder of that one I told him that boy was special But he let Alex die So on December 26, when I learned what had happened, I renounced the Lord I withdrew my church membership and became an atheist I decided I couldn t believe in a God who would let something that terrible happen to a boy like Alex pg 60 But God didn t do anything to Chris, except let him do as he wanted If Chris sought real answers to his hard questions, God is there, and God can help, but you have to know you need help and submit to someone wiser than you Chris McCandless never submitted willingly to anyone, and he certainly never admitted anyone else had teaching or wisdom for him He was smarter than everyone else, better able to see the truth than anyone else So the heritage Chris McCandless left is one that drives his mother to stop praying, and converts an old man to atheism Is this the heritage anyone would want So read this book, but read it with questions in mind Why are we lauding a young man as a hero who was actually a foolish man What kind of society are we in where real courage and real heroism are somehow playing 2nd fiddle to selfishness and arrogance When are you so intellectually intelligent that you become stupid Is there any time when foolish decisions could be called courageous In a search for truth and what really matters in life, is it acceptable to think nothing of hurting those people who are most vulnerable to you When you die, will the way you lived your life cause others to abandon their faith or grow in their faith Is it ever courageous to be selfish and think only of yourself Is it harder to walk away from a relationship, or to stay in a relationship and work on making it better Would you ever teach anyone else that the way to have real relationships is to limit yourself only to those people who cannot ever hurt you Real courage, real heroism comes when you love others and you serve others Real courage has nothing selfish in it Fathers and husbands who remain with their families and provide for them, even though they would rather have a mid life crisis and leave it all, they are courageous and heroic They remain, they work, they don t father or husband perfectly, but they remain in difficult relationships It courageous to stay in the hard parts of life, and try Mothers and wives who sacrifice and serve again and again and again without books being written about them, without thanks, but who continue to love and give of themselves to others That is courageous It is hard to stay in messy relationships It is easy to leave It is courageous to stay and do hard things It is easy to leave and do what you want.So, let s read this book, but read it as a cautionary tale This is what happens when you seemingly have it all , but have not love When you die, will people be driven to become atheists Will people stop praying when you are dead Or will you live a life of wisdom and love Will you leave behind you a heritage of godly love and service Will people pray because of the example you left them Will they be loving, better mothers or fathers or sisters or brothers Or will they become angry and arrogant and foolishness Yes, this is a good book to read But let s read it for the right reasons and with the right questions NOTE In the book, and in the movie, the author proposes that Chris ate some poison berries which caused his death But tests have been made around the area, and plants that would have been available to Chris were tested, and no toxic berries or plants have been found The truth is probably that he starved Too few calories coming in, high expenditure of calories for hunting and keeping warm resulted eventually in such a calorie deficit that he died Some good articles I found on Chris McCandless include Park Ranger Peter Christian wrote I am exposed continually to what I will call the McCandless Phenomenon People, nearly always young men, come to Alaska to challenge themselves against an unforgiving wilderness landscape where convenience of access and possibility of rescue are practically nonexistent When you consider McCandless from my perspective, you quickly see that what he did wasn t even particularly daring, just stupid, tragic, and inconsiderate First off, he spent very little time learning how to actually live in the wild He arrived at the Stampede Trail without even a map of the area If he had had a good map he could have walked out of his predicament Essentially, Chris McCandless committed suicide 18 Some may argue that this is what he wanted all along, given his troubled past An update as of Sept 2013 as to how McCandless died See which documents the poison contained in wild potato seeds Consuming these seeds introduces a neurotoxin into the body which results in lathyrism This condition causes gradual paralysis which ultimately made McCandless very weak, unable to stand or walk, and thus unable to forage or hunt for food. I live a life, I suspect, that is much like yours Wake up, go to work, come home, eat dinner, go to bed At the end of this weekly desert, there might be a drink or ten to celebrate the victory over another five days of soul crushing drudgery.I am a desk jockey A paper pusher I mean that literally I sit in my office, and when people peer inside, they will see me moving a sheet of paper from one side to the other It looks, to the untrained eye, like valuable labor When I get the chance, though, I head to the mountains, to the wild I love the away ness of these trips At the risk of sounding absurdly curmudgeonly, I like getting away from the crush of humanity and I m sure the crush of humanity appreciates my temporary absence There was at time when my friends and I would head out west every summer We picked a destination isolated, challenging , packed the car, and plunged into the wilderness We undertook silly risks, because we were younger and we laughed at consequences, or at the possibility that there were consequences Once, a little later on, we gathered around a campfire, four of us, and swore like characters from a young adult novel that we d always do this that we d always head out to the mountains together Then we got older My friends married, they started having kids, and the mountains became a memory, a slideshow of pictures that showed up on the screen savers of our computers Friends with whom I d jumped off cliffs, slid down glaciers, and climbed rocks matured overnight into sober professionals, husbands, and fathers It was remarkable how age engendered caution, and squelched the desire for adventure That was my mindset when I picked up Into the Wild Jon Krakauer s classic is, to put it mildly, a polarizing book Based on the people I ve surveyed, I ve found that you either love it or you hate it, and whether you love it or hate it will be determined by what you think about Christopher McCandless, the young man at the center of Into the Wild You will be taken in by Chris s literate, philosophical, iconoclastic, boundary pushing vagabondism Or you will be sickened by his selfishness, his self pity, and the way he left a shattered family in his wake Either way, you will have a vivid response.Upon graduating from Emory University, and instead of going on to law school which was my choice , McCandless gave away 25,000 to charity and began his life as a tramp or hobo, as they sometimes like to be called I was in sixth grade when McCandless walked into the Alaskan wilderness and never returned He was 24 The power of Into the Wild is directly attributable to Krakauer s empathy for his subject Krakauer is a solid adventure writer, but he s not a prose stylist Rather, he uses his own life experiences to connect with Chris on a very intimate, personal level He does not attempt any faux objectivity that is often the hallmark of serious serious journalism Instead, Krakauer admits, straight up, that he saw his younger self in Chris, with the exception that Krakauer survived his youth, while Chris did not For instance, there is an autobiographical section in Into the Wild where Krakauer tells his story about climbing the Devil s Thumb This could easily have been a self serving digression, but Krakauer uses that experience, and the vividness of his memory, to explore the the compulsions that drove Chris McCandless to follow his unique path to his destiny I think Chris, in his own way, was a towering figure he was the person I would like to be, if I had guts and less excuses He was a smart kid, a college grad, who came from money His parents were messed up, but really, whose parents aren t After college, instead of going to law school don t go to law school, by the way , he gave away 25,000, burned his credit cards, and set out to see the west Whatever else you call him, you can t call him a poser Like everyone, he had his share of dreams and demons, and he set out to follow his dreams and fight his demons There s something to be said for what he put his parent through Still, the world forces us to be our own person He went forward the best way he knew how, defining himself along the way The tragedy, of course, is that the lessons he learned about the value of friends and family he learned too late I don t really need to defend Chris Krakauer does that He is unabashedly in his corner, defending his choices, his skills, his desire to go alone to the far places, like John Muir before him Chris McCandless was himself, fully and completely, which is saying a lot, in this day and age Or any day and age He was part adventurer, part philosopher, and part monk the monk part fascinates Krakauer, who spends a lot of time wondering whether Chris died a virgin I suppose a brief note on the movie, directed by Sean Penn, is in order While I found it poetic and inspiring, the movie focuses too much on Chris s effect on the various people he meets on his journeys In a way, Chris becomes some kind of wandering apostle, healing and helping those he meets along his path, before he dies a martyr s death in Alaska, a vision from a Don Maclean song the world was never meant for one as beautiful as you The book, on the other hand, keeps Chris firmly grounded as a human being Krakauer admires Chris, to be sure, but he does not neglect the warts However, Krakauer sharply dismisses those armchair psychiatrists who want to diagnose Chris with a mental disorder I m glad he does I think it s saying soemething about the conformity of our society that anyone who bucks the trend he gave up law school is called mad In the end, Chris was one of those rare people who wanted to know the world intimately, and in the process of discovering those secrets, was killed by that same world Maybe there was something quixotic or foolish in his quest maybe he should have taken a job, taken a wife, found a safe desk behind which to grow old Or maybe there is something foolish in us, to believe that we can outlive the world with our caution. My grandfather not an Alaskan but an experienced outdoorsman would have tied this kid to a tree and let the bears play tetherball with him.A small part of me appreciates the effort Krakauer put into researching this book A much bigger part of me is completely disgusted both with McCandless himself and with Krakauer s mindless adoration of him Krakauer pulls out all the stops to make McCandless look like a phenomenon, and seems to agree with McCandless that the world should have handed itself to him on a silver salver because he was just so darned special We re told he was brilliant, independent, funny, kind, musical, athletic, visionary, talented Can you see the halo Unfortunately, the impression that comes across is of a snotty adolescent who has never seriously thought of anyone but himself and is used to getting by on charm and flippancy rather than making good use of his considerable gifts and I do not doubt that he was gifted The conflicting aspects of his personality don t sound quirky they sound devious and self serving.Krakauer tries half heartedly to disguise his fascination but his admissions that McCandless was a clueless young hothead sound insincere he has to say it to sound credible to his readers, who are less smitten Krakauer makes an apt comparison between himself as an idealistic and foolhardy young man, and McCandless, and then dismisses himself because he didn t have McCandless intellect This sounds utterly bogus after all we have been told about McCandless foolish mistakes, and the obvious fact that Krakauer is not stupid Two chapters that could have provided some insight into his hero are wasted because Krakauer sounds like a religious fanatic, with McCandless as his unknowable God and Krakauer as the I m not worthy follower.McCandless and Everett Ruess overconfidence speaks to a fascination with nature but not a respect for it Courage is not the same as not knowing when we ought to have a healthy degree of fear Instead, McCandless arrogantly drives his car into the habitat of an endangered species of poppy He butchers a moose, wasting the life of a beautiful and well adapted animal because he could not be bothered to learn ahead of time how to preserve it.This was not a tragedy this was inevitable I don t believe he was schizophrenic or suicidal Bipolar or ADD, maybe His own friends readily admitted that he had a lot of enthusiasm but little common sense and didn t know much outside of academia There are so many glaring outdoorsmanship errors made in the first two chapter that even I was cringing.I write this with full admission that I am not much of an outdoorsperson However, I don t believe for a minute that he lasted longer than most of us would have, or that at least he tried it , as so many of his fans insist I wouldn t try it, not because I m scared, but because I can tell from here that ten pounds of rice and no preparation is a recipe for failure I don t need to try it, and if I did, I d want to live to get something out of it Lots of other people have gone into the wilderness and come out just fine because they knew the magnitude of their own insignificance and planned ahead.I m not jealous of his alleged brilliance, either I was accepted to Emory And the University of Chicago And a couple of other amply respected schools Lots of people are Big deal.1 His bourgeois status made his adventure possible in the first place He had money to pay his college tuition the rest of us graduated and went to work to pay off our loans He also had the gall to complain about his parents offers to help him out, which smacks of a kid given so much that he doesn t know how fortunate he is.Further, living with nothing by choice is very different from living with nothing because you have no alternative Though I m sure he would have denied it, McCandless had the option of going back to his affluent life if he had wanted to, or if he had had to in an emergency Maybe it would have knocked his self image for a loop, but he would have been sheltered, fed, and nursed back to health A lot of people live in poverty without that safety net 2 Now is not the time to be squeamish about killing animals Hint There are no vegetarian Aleut This guy was a history and anthropology major I learned in anthro that you can eat plants and lean protein until you burst and still starve to death if you aren t getting enough calories It s very difficult to feed yourself if you re alone and don t have a lot of practice at it.3 If he got this idea from Thoreau and London, he wasn t reading very carefully McCandless should have read less Thoreau and Donner Party London s Alaskan experience was during the Klondike Gold Rush when he had plenty of help from others Thoreau lived in a cabin on the edge of town, a mile and a half from the family home He was not in the wilderness Further, Thoreau s civil disobedience was a protest against the Mexican War and slavery, not a petty defiance of matters of public safety such as mandatory car insurance McCandless was a rebel without a cause.4 Book smart can t save you now Success only learning does not work Krakauer goes into raptures about McCandless education and intelligence to demonstrate the supposed tragedy of his loss Nice brain gymnastics, but apples to oranges when what you need is practical knowledge.This guy was idolized by some my college classmates, most of whom were sheltered, relatively wealthy urbanites They had the same vague and pathetic need for real experiences and arrogant expectation of success that comes from never having failed at anything in their lives.5 For most of his trip, McCandless was neither independent or self reliant He got lost in Mexico it would have been self reliant to get a map and take charge of his own navigation He didn t eat for days until somebody felt sorry for him and fed him Once he was in a situation where there was nobody to step in for him, he died in this respect, I disagree with Krakauer that McCandless was any different from Carl McCunn Even at that point, he left a note on the door of the bus begging for rescue.The best and most independent outdoorsmen spend years learning Just because you were a superstar student and athlete doesn t mean you get to skip all the hard work I ve no doubt that McCandless was smart, but he was mind bogglingly ignorant and inexperienced.6 Why are these self discovery escapades always so self centered How about joining the Peace Corps Teaching in inner city schools Working in healthcare in a remote South Asian village If you re so disgusted with society, why don t you do something to improve it rather than keeping all the enlightenment for yourself 7 Nature is not your babysitter Nature doesn t care if you live or die It s survival of the fittest, and humans, compared to most animals, are slow, weak, poorly armed, poorly insulated, have no stamina have poor senses of smell, eyesight, and hearing and are ill adapted to go without clean water and food for any length of time We are clearly meant to live in groups and use tools This guy didn t even bring an ax.8 He was already controlled and tainted by society or else he would not have worked so hard to avoid it His anti society and anti materialism were as controlling of him as is the materialism of those who think they can find themselves by buying the right clothes or drug habit or SUV.9 Unprepared people who set out on ill planned adventures and need to be rescued are jackasses A lot of other people better prepared, better trained, and sensible people such as park service, volunteers, and EMT s end up spending a lot of time and money, and risking their own necks, to save them McCandless spared everyone that trouble, but I m sure there s a whole line of wannabes lined up to try it I hope they have to pay back every penny spent on their rescues.And Truth The bad news is that Truth is relative It doesn t exist in a vacuum What a waste.